Author: Lewis Carroll, Translator: Keao NeSmith, Illustrator: John Tenniel
He moʻolelo ʻo “Nā Hana Kupanaha a ʻĀleka ma ka ʻĀina Kamahaʻo” no ke kau wela i hoʻopuka ʻia e Lewis Carroll (Charles Lutwidge Dodgson) no ka manawa mua ma Iulai o ka 1865. Ua pili nā kānaka he nui o loko o ia puke i ka pāʻani pepa. He moʻolelo ʻo “Ma Loko o ke Aniani Kū a me ka Mea i Loaʻa iā ʻĀleka ma Laila” no ke kau anu i hoʻopuka ʻia e Carroll no ka manawa mua i Kēkēmapa o ka 1871. Ma kēia moʻolelo ʻelua, ua pili nā kānaka o ka moʻolelo i ka pāʻani he mū kākela. ʻO ke kanaka mea nui loa i loko o nā puke ʻelua, ʻo Alice Liddell, ke kaikamahine a ke Poʻo o ke Kulanui o Christ Church ma Oxford i ʻEnelani, kahi i hana ai ʻo Dodgson ma ke ʻano he polopeka makemakika. Me ka hānau ʻia ʻana nō o Alice Liddell i ka 1852, iwakālua mau makahiki ma hope o Dodgson, he mea nui ʻo ia i loko o nā puke ʻelua ma kona ʻano he kaikamahine ʻōpiopio he ʻehiku ona makahiki, ʻo ia kona makahiki i ka hui mua ʻana o Dodgson me ia. ʻIke ʻia ke aloha o Carroll iā Alice Liddell ma ka nānā ʻana i nā mele ma ka hoʻomaka a me ka pau ʻana o ka puke. He pono naʻe ke hoʻomaopopo aʻe ua kūʻēʻē nā mākua o Alice me Carroll i ka 1864 a ua kakaʻikahi loa ka hui ʻana o Carroll me Alice ma ia hope mai.
“Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland” is a summer tale published by Lewis Carroll (Charles Lutwidge Dodgson) for the first time in July 1865. Many of the characters and adventures in that book have to with a pack of cards. “Through the Looking-Glass and What Alice Found There” is a winter tale, which Carroll first published in December 1871. In this second tale, the characters and adventures are based on the game of chess. The heroine of both books is Alice Liddell, daughter of the Dean of Christ Church, Oxford, where Dodgson was a tutor in mathematics. Although Alice Liddell was born in 1852, twenty years later than Dodgson, she appears in both books as a little girl of seven, the age she was when Dodgson met her for the first time. It’s clear from the poems at the beginning and end of the book that Carroll was very fond of Alice Liddell. One should note, however, that Alice’s parents had a disagreement with Carroll in 1864 and Carroll saw Alice very little indeed thereafter.